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Full text of "Rapid Population Growth Consequences And Policy Implications"

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above the 1962 level, an average rate of increase of 3.9 percent As against this the trend in food production over the decade IS the developing countries taken as a whole was only 2.7 percent
Agricultural revolution has already begun with the introductic high-yielding, fertilizer-responsive varieties of wheat, rice, and other it is to continue, large expenditures for development of irrigati transportation, storage, food processing, and fertilizers must be eluding large amounts of imports requiring foreign currency. This w overall economic development at a higher rate than has recently These demands must be taken into account in planning resource a and priorities, and in raising capital funds.
The new agricultural technology is much better suited to son than to others. In India, irrigation development is easy to accompl Gangetic plain of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar; it is difficult and ex] most of the Deccan plateau, which covers central India. In East existing new cereal varieties cannot be grown and chemical fertilizi be used, except for one crop during the dry season, in the 30 perc country that is flooded for 5 months each year. National farm i almost certainly fall because of greatly expanded production in the which the new technology can be successfully applied. The farmers favored regions may then be unable to sell their crops at prices su pay for the water, chemical fertilizers, and other inputs needed productivity agriculture. They will be forced back on subsistence fai this will be insufficient to feed the growing populations of their ovv Large numbers of poverty-stricken and unskilled countrymen will out, either to cities and towns or to the more favored agricultur; where most of them will become landless laborers. The challenge makers, either to develop new agricultural technologies for nonirrig or to provide employment and a new way of life for these peop great, especially because of the difficulties, already alluded to, employment in the industrial sector as fast as the labor force grows.
In the regions in which the new agricultural technology can be su applied, capital and land give greater returns than labor, and, hence expected that the larger landowning farmers will gradually take ovei smaller ones and from tenants. This situation will increase still fi proportion of landless laborers and will aggravate inequities in in tribution. New land-tenure policies or other means to protect sr owners and tenants are called for. Problems of unemployment and ployment may be increased as a result of unchecked agricultural n tion, unless labor-intensive agriculture, combined with selective n tion that increases the demand for labor, is strongly encourageod by 142 percent